Journal of Business School Journal of Business School: Business Management en-US (Yalçın Arslantürk, Ph.D.) (ORSA Medya) Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 The Role of Negative Ties in Understanding the Link Between Social Networks and Organizational Creativity <p>The aim of this study is to develop propositions for determining the relationship between negative ties of social networks and organizational creativity and to examine the effects of organizational networks on organizational creativity from an interpretative research perspective by considering negative bonds. Firstly, the basic information in the literature on organizational change and organizational networks was examined. Then, propositions were developed for determining the relationship between social networks and organizational creativity by considering the negative ties. To be competitive, organizations must also be innovative, making organizational creativity a crucial capability. Accordingly, the past decade has seen increasing attention among scholars in the field of creativity. Most of the organizational network studies focus on positive ties and relations obtained through ties that reflect relational forces and they ignore the differential factors that arise as a result of negative ties. In this context, the importance of negative ties was discussed. The interpretative approach tries to find answers to research questions with theoretical explanations in cases where there is not much information about the concept for the first time to reveal the theoretical relationship of the concepts specified in the current literature.</p> Ayşın Paşamehmetoğlu Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Application of Linear Programming to Game Theory in Finance <p>The study examines the application of linear programming to game theory in finance using how the Telecommunication firms determine the optimal strategy from television and radio advertisements given that each company seeks to gain the largest market share. The methodology used involved a Game Theoretic approach and linear programming. The result of the analysis showed that for MTN to maintain its position as the leader in the industry, it should invest 0% of its M billion Naira in Television Advertisement and 100% in Radio Advertisement when competing with Airtel, Globacom and 9Naija. This will yield a pay-off of ₦ 9M billion. Findings revealed that for Globacom to gain the largest market share in the industry, it should invest 0% of her ₦N in Television Advertisement and 100% in Radio Advertisement when competing with MTN. This will produce a benefit of 9N billion Naira. The results also showed the optimal resource allocations for Airtel and Globacom for each firm to gain the largest market share in the industry when competing with MTN. Findings also revealed the pay-offs for both firms when they compete with MTN. It is therefore recommended that Nigerian Telecommunication firms use Game Theory in optimizing resource allocation between strategies.</p> Samuel Oluwapelumi Olofınlade, Dada Durojaye Joshua Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Dynamics and Implication of COVID-19 Pandemic on Inflation Volatility in Selected African Countries: A Dynamic Panel Data Analysis <p>The unending posture of COVD 19 pandemic is given rise to concern of policymakers around the globe, of which several studies have been conducted investigating the challenges of the pandemic. Meanwhile, studies suggested the need for more investigation on the implications of COVID 19 pandemic on macroeconomic indicators which has not been exhaustively investigated. Thus, this study attempt to investigate the impact of COVID is pandemic and other variables on volatility of inflation in some selected African countries using monthly data from January 2020 to December 2020 and employed GMM estimation techniques for the data analysis. The results revealed that the number of COVID 19 cases trigger the volatility of inflation, while the COVID 19 policy measures put in place significantly reduced the volatility of consumer price index in the selected African countries. Finally, the findings implications for policymakers in the selected countries and similar countries in nature were presented in the study.</p> Sahar Aghazadeh, Jamiu Adetola Odugbesan Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Organisational Leadership on Implementation of Strategic Plans in Tanzania’s Local Government Authorities <p>The study determine the the influence of organisational leadership on the implementation of strategic plans in Tanzania’s Local Government Authorities (LGAs). The study used Pragmatism as the philosophy where a survey design was adopted using mixed methods particularly explanatory sequential strategy and time horizon was cross-sectional which allowed data to be collected at a single point of time. Both quantitative and qualitative methods and tools were applicable to triangulate the study finding. The sample size of 155 respondents drawn from target population of 290 employees in selected five (5) local government Authorities in Morogoro Region. Data were collected using questionnaires and interviews; and thereafter quantitative data analysed through descriptive and inferential statistics while qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis. The study revealed that, organisational leadership contributes about 27.5% of all initiatives on implementing strategic plans in Local Government Authorities while 72.5% is explained by other factors which were not studied. Therefore, organisational leadership do influence impleimentation of strategic plans in Tanzania’s LGAs; and hece, LGAs should encourage leadership that may create effective implementation of strategies by imparting skills on supervising and coordinating subordinates in their organization.</p> Jabir Namıundu, Venance Shıllıngı, Eliza Mwakasangula Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Local Governments’ Finances on Economic Growth of Nigeria: An Empirical Exploration <p>It is expected that local government as the closest tier of government to the people should promote grassroots development while at the same time contribute to national economic growth and development. The extent to which this is realized particularly in a developing country like Nigeria has not been given the empirical attention it deserves in past studies. Therefore, in this study, we examined the effect of local government finances (comprising total revenue, capital and recurrent expenditure) on economic growth in Nigeria for the period, 1993 to 2021. Dynamic Least Squares, Fully Modified Least Squares, Canonical Cointegrating Regression, and Granger causality techniques were applied to the annual time series data sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria’s statistical bulletin. Empirical findings of this study confirm the existence of a long-run relationship between local government finances and economic growth in Nigeria. Furthermore, local governments’ recurrent and capital expenditures were found to have positive but non-significant effect on economic growth unlike local governments’ total revenue which has negative and non-significant effect on economic growth of Nigeria. This study found no causal relationship between local government finances and economic growth. However, there is a unidirectional causality running from revenue to recurrent expenditure at the local government level. Likewise, capital expenditure has a unidirectional causality with recurrent expenditure. It can therefore be concluded that local government finances have no significant effect on economic growth of Nigeria in the study period. This study recommends that local government finances should be re-engineered towards growth-inducing projects, programmes and investments.&nbsp;</p> Gbenga Festus Babarınde, Tajudeen Idera Abdulmajeed, Adeadebayo A. Shuaıb, Mohammed Buhari Ibrahım Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Performance Implications of Manpower Development in Nigeria Public Sector: A Case of Non-Academic Staff of Universities in Ekiti State <p>The study focused on the relationship between manpower development and performance with special reference to non academic staff of universities in Ekiti State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised non academic staff of the three public universities (Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology Ikere-Ekiti, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti) in Ekiti State. The sample size was 363. Primary data used for the study were gathered through the administration of structured questionnaire to the respondents. The data retrieved were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The study found that there is significant relationship between coaching, job rotation, workshop and seminar, committee or work group method, in service training, vestibule training method and performance at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that there is significant relationship between manpower development and performance of non academic staff in Ekiti State.</p> Oluwole Adeniyi Bankole, Olatunji Olaitan Adeyemı Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000